For my thoughts on the re-opening of Walt Disney World, see this.

By the co-author of The easy Guide to Your Walt Disney World Visit 2020, the best-reviewed Disney World guidebook series ever.

Available on Amazon here.

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The Basics: Visiting the Disney World Theme Parks and FastPass+

By Dave Shute

Note: FastPass+ has been replaced by a new, multipart program for accessing rides, some parts requiring payment.

For more on this new program, which will start later in 2021, see this.

As more details come out on the new program, I will replace the specific FastPass+ material below.

The best visits to Walt Disney World are built from four key choices:

The Basics - The Disney World Parks and FastPass+ from
Disney World’s FastPass+ program, new in 2014, is particularly important.

Because of FastPass+, more so than ever before there’s a huge payoff to planning ahead for your Disney World trip–and a huge penalty to not doing so. 


Walt Disney World occupies about 40 square miles southwest of Orlando Florida, making it just a little smaller than San Francisco and almost twice the size of the land area of Manhattan.

It contains hotels, shopping, waterparks, a campground, and most significantly, four theme parks: Disney’s Animal Kingdom, Epcot, Disney’s Hollywood Studios, and the Magic Kingdom.

The Magic Kingdom

The Magic Kingdom

The Magic Kingdom is the quintessential Disney theme park and the heart of Walt Disney World.

Inspired by the original Disneyland, it presents iconic attractions ranging from Space Mountain to the Haunted Mansion. Loved by the young and old, it is particularly suited to younger guests.

For those tall and mature enough to enjoy everything in the park, all its best can be seen in two long days or three more comfortable ones—shorter days will suit the youngest visitors. Magic Kingdom’s Fantasyland recently completed a major expansion.



Think of Epcot as being two parks combined into one: Future World explores ideas, technology, and the planet Earth; World Showcase suggests a permanent World’s Fair.

"France" at Epcot

“France” at Epcot

The favorite Disney park of many adults, new and newly-reimagined attractions that opened in 2016—Soarin’, Frozen Ever After, and a Frozen Meet and Greet—increased its attractiveness to the youngest (always Epcot’s weakest feature) while disappointing those who insist that Arendelle is not a real country. (Hint: what Disney calls “France” isn’t real either…)

In 2o21, a new major ride, Remy’s Ratatouille Adventure, will open October 1, 2021, and a new evening show, Harmonious, will also debut October 1. Each of these will add to Epcot’s kid appeal.

Epcot repays attention and exploration, and for those old enough to get it, takes more than a day to appreciate. The youngest visitors may wish to devote half a day to it.

Tower of Terror Disney's Hollywood Studios from

Disney’s Hollywood Studios

Disney’s Hollywood Studios celebrates movies, music, TV and other popular entertainments via rides and shows.

Recently completing a major expansion that includes new Toy Story and Star Wars lands,  it now takes more than a day to see, especially since most days of the year you cannot see both of the evening shows (Fantasmic and Star Wars: A Galactic Spectacular) on the same night.

Many of its best rides are thrill rides, so the youngest visitors will have only half a day or so’s worth of appropriate things to do, even with the opening of Slinky Dog Dash,  a “family friendly” roller coaster with a 38 inch height requirement, and Mickey and Minnie’s Runaway Railway, an all-ages dark ride.

Toy Story Land (c) Disney

For folks old enough for its thrill rides, the combination of the awkwardly scheduled evening shows and FastPass+ tiering will make Hollywood Studios best seen over two partial days.

Disney's Animal Kingdom

Disney’s Animal Kingdom

Disney’s Animal Kingdom combines the all-ages appeal of the Magic Kingdom with the repayment to intellectual curiosity of Epcot.

Kiliminjaro Safaris Disney's Animal Kingdom

Kilimanjaro Safaris at Disney’s Animal Kingdom

Its rides and shows appeal to almost everyone, but the park best showcases itself to those who also bring an interest in animals—real, imagined, and/or blue.

Before then an easy day, Animal Kingdom visits lengthened with the opening of an entirely new land, Pandora: World of Avatar with two new rides, Na’vi River Journey and Flight of Passage, in 2017.

Animal Kingdom is now an easy two day park and a hard one day park. Only a few of its attractions are inappropriate for the youngest, so target it for more than half a day with the littlest ones.

The Magic Kingdom from

Those first timers who are able to return for another trip later may come on their first visit with younger kids for just a few days at Magic Kingdom, returning later to both see more of that park and see the other three parks as the kids grow and develop.

First time visitors tall and mature enough to see everything on a once in a lifetime trip should budget the equivalent of seven full days in the parks—two plus at the Magic Kingdom, two minus at the other three parks.

These park days ideally should be spread across a nine day trip (including travel time) to fit in the partial days and to multiply the opportunities to book FastPass+, the most important tool you have for reducing waits.


To use FastPass+, you need a My Disney Experience account and valid park tickets linked within it.


FastPass+ on My Disney Experience

Then, beginning 60 days before check-in if you are staying at a Disney-owned resort (or the Swan or Dolphin,, Shades of Green, Four Seasons, the Disney Springs Resort Area resorts, the Hilton Orlando Bonnet Creak, or the Waldorf Astoria) or 30 days before use if you are staying anywhere else, you can book one hour windows for up to three rides with minimal waits in one park. (Three different rides—no repeats.)

At Magic Kingdom you can pick your three from any of the FastPass+ rides offered.

At Animal Kingdom, you can pre-book only one of Pandora’s two rides, Avatar: Flight of Passage and Na’vi River Journey, but can otherwise pick any available ride.

At Epcot and Disney’s Hollywood Studios you pick one ride from a short “Tier One” list and the second and third from a longer “Tier Two” list.

Many rides that offer FastPass+ are unwise to choose, and the Pandora choices at Animal Kingdom and tiering at Epcot and Hollywood Studios makes it hard to see everything in one day.

In effect, you have a reservation for the rides you book via FastPass+, and choosing your FastPass+ well is the single most important component of having an easier, lower wait visit. Make good FastPass+ choices and you will save hours of waiting in lines. Make poor ones, don’t book them at all, or wait too long and book them too close to your trip, and you’ll wait hours more than you needed to.

Anna Reciting from The easy Guide to Your First Walt DIsney World Visit

Anna Reciting from The easy Guide to Your First Walt Disney World Visit

Honestly, the easiest way for first-timers to do this is to follow the suggested itineraries that already exist on this site or the more comprehensive ones in the book  that I co-author with Josh Humphrey, writer of, The easy Guide to Your Walt Disney World Visit—the only major Disney World guide book written from scratch for using FastPass+.

But even if you follow one of my itineraries or one from the book, you may need to fine tune it to the situation of your own family or group. Moreover, returning visitors may want to have a more sharply-defined trip than the “see almost everything” of the pre-designed itineraries.

Here’s some things to think about:

Are you willing to get up early in the morning and be at the parks 45 minutes before they open?

If so, FastPass+ becomes a little simpler for you. By arriving that early, you’ll be able to get on at least one or two attractions without much wait—at Magic Kingdom, two to four attractions—that you would otherwise need to spend FastPass+ on to avoid long waits.

Are there some attraction classes that you know you are going to skip?

One way to think about the attractions is to class them into character meets, thrill rides, and everything else.

If you are avoiding thrill rides, then you’ll have a much easier time picking your FastPass+, because many of the most popular rides that build the biggest lines most quickly are thrill rides that won’t even be on your to-do list.

And if you don’t have to meet Ariel, or Elsa, or Mickey, that’ll take some other potential options off your list. (Another way to save time in meeting characters is to meet them at meals—that’s the approach my itineraries take.)

People like my sister who avoid thrill rides and avoid character meets have the simplest set of choices.

Main Street at the Magic Kingdom

Main Street at the Magic Kingdom

Are you willing to bet on more FastPass+ being available for key attractions?

Once you’ve used the FastPass+ that you pre-booked, you can then add, one at a time, more FastPass+, but only subject to availability.

However, the rides you might most want to book as your later FastPass+ may be the same ones everyone else wants to book, and thus may not be available. So you should always try for more FastPass+, and keep refreshing, but not assume they will be available.

Another thing to think about is how many days you have for each park. Each additional day gives you three more FastPass+, and one more opportunity to arrive early.

Under current ticket prices, while the actual price varies by date, typically each additional ticket day—after you’ve already bought four days—is on average about about $9-$17/person/day for days 5-10

That means for about three to five bucks each you each get to book at least three more great rides with low waits! See one of my itineraries for an example of how multiple partial days can work well.

The best FastPass+ for you.

The best FastPass+ for your group will thus vary by what you want to see and what you are sure you want to avoid, whether or not you can arrive in the parks well before they open, whether you are willing to bet on more FastPass+ being available that day, and how many days (and thus FastPass+) you have for each park.


So to take the Magic Kingdom as an example, you will save the most time by targeting the following attractions (in alphabetical order, based on the prioritized lists in our book) for FastPass+

  • Ariel’s Grotto Meet
  • Big Thunder Mountain
  • Buzz Lightyear Space Ranger Spin
  • Enchanted Tales with Belle
  • Haunted Mansion
  • Jungle Cruise
  • Peter Pan’s Flight
  • Pirates of the Caribbean
  • Princess Fairytale Hall Meet Cinderella
  • Princess Fairytale Hall Meet Rapunzel
  • Seven Dwarfs Mine Train
  • Space Mountain
  • Splash Mountain
  • Tomorrowland Speedway
  • Town Square Meet Mickey
Splash Mountain at the Magic Kingdom

Splash Mountain at the Magic Kingdom

Note that four of these (Ariel’s Grotto, Fairytale Hall Cinderella, Fairytale Hall Rapunzel, and Town Square Mickey) are character meet and greets, and four (Big Thunder Mountain, Seven Dwarfs Mine Train, Space Mountain and Splash Mountain) are thrill (or thrill-ish) rides. Some will not be interested in the first group, some not be interested in the second, and some not be interested in either group.

Moreover, most days of the year it’s pretty straightforward if you get to the tapstiles at least 45 minutes before the scheduled open to be able to knock off several of these priority rides first thing with low waits and no need for FastPass+. In Tomorrowland, you should be able to do Space Mountain, Buzz Lightyear, and a third ride in Fantasyland without much wait. In Frontierland, the same goes for Splash Mountain and Big Thunder Mountain, and in Fantasyland you should be able to do three or four of the shorter-duration rides before long lines build.

So if you have three days at the Magic Kingdom, with two early mornings, you could ride all the rides in the list with low waits—nine via FastPass+ and the rest via early arrivals! And if because of the nature of your group you can eliminate either the thrill rides or the character meets, then you can see all the priority rides with two days at Magic Kingdom—two early mornings and the rest via FastPass+.


At Disney’s Animal Kingdom, the following attractions (again in alphabetical order) are the key FastPass+ priorities:

  • Adventurers Outpost Mickey and Minnie Meet
  • Animation Experience at Rafiki’s Planet Watch
  • Avatar: Flight of Passage (T1)
  • Expedition Everest
  • Festival of the Lion King
  • Kali River Rapids
  • Kilimanjaro Safaris
  • Na’vi River Journey (T1)
  • Rivers of Light

The first is a character meet, and most of the rest except the Animation Experience, Kilimanjaro Safaris, Na’vi River Journey, and Rivers of Light are thrill rides—although Kali River Rapids is not that thrilling.

Expedition Everest

Expedition Everest at Disney’s Animal Kingdom

With the opening of Pandora, a one day visit Animal Kingdom has become quite hard. Flight of Passage is the hottest FastPass+ at Disney World, and Na’vi River Journey is not far behind–but you’ll only be able to pick one of them as a pre-booked FastPass+.

You can plan to see the other at rope drop, but so will thousands of others, so arriving well before rope drop is the approach to take.

If you want to see it, Rivers of Light, with its limited capacity, is the natural second priority, and the third should come from Expedition Everest, Kali River Rapids (especially if you are going during a hot weather time), and Kilimanjaro Safaris.

Among these last three, Kali is the most skippable, and Everest has a single rider line with reduced waits.  So for many Kilimanjaro will be the best choice.

A two day visit to Animal Kingdom is much simpler. Book one of the Pandora rides each day. Divide your other four FastPass+ among Rivers of Light, Adventurer’s Outpost, DINOSAUR, Expedition Everest, Festival of the Lion King, Kali River Rapids (especially if you are going during a hot weather time), and Kilimanjaro Safaris.

The day you don’t do Rivers of Light, compress all your FastPass+ as early in the day as you can, to maximize your opportunity for scoring additional FastPass+.

See at rope drop whatever on the list above that you have not booked as a FastPass+


Epcot is also complicated.

One complexity Epcot shares with Disney’s Hollywood Studios and Animal Kingdom is that at these parks, FastPass+ is divided into two tiers, and you can only pre-book one attraction from Tier One and two from Tier Two.

The following are the Epcot attractions to consider spending FastPass+ on:

  • Frozen Ever After (T1)
  • Journey into Imagination
  • Living with the Land
  • Mission: Space
  • Soarin’ (T1)
  • Spaceship Earth
  • Test Track (T1)
  • Turtle Talk with Crush

Of these eight, two—Mission Space and Test Track–are classed as thrill rides, although Test Track is not that thrilling. Knowing you want to skip this type of ride will simplify your choices.

Epcot's Future World from

The Imagination Pavilion at Epcot

But if you want to see all these attractions and meet and greets with low waits, then two days with one early morning will be your best bet. Pre-book as your Tier Ones Frozen Ever After and one of Test Track and Soarin’. See the other of these two at park open.


At the moment, FastPass+ will not be available for the rides in Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge–you can’t pre-book them for Millenium Falcon: Smugglers Run (already open) or Rise of the Resistance (opening December 5, 2019). The presence of FastPass+ tiering among the other rides also complicates matters at the Studios.

The following FastPass+ options (again in alphabetical order) will save the most time.

  • Alien Swirling Saucers (T1)
  • Beauty and the Beast Live on Stage
  • Frozen Sing-Along  (full name “For the First Time in Forever: Frozen Sing-Along Celebration”)
  • Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular
  • Rock ‘n’ Roller Coaster (T1)
  • Slinky Dog Dash (T1)
  • Star Tours
  • Tower of Terror (T1)
  • Toy Story Midway Mania (T1)
Rock 'n' Roller Coaster Disney's Hollywood Studios from

Rock ‘n’ Roller Coaster at Disney’s Hollywood Studios

None of these are character meets, and three— Rock ‘n’ Roller Coaster, Star Tours, and Tower of Terror—are thrill rides. Moreover, Slinky Dog Dash is a roller coaster–it is family friendly, but verges on being a thrill ride.

Because of what’s in Tier One, it’s hard to do everything with low waits at the Studios in a single day’s visit.

Frozen Sing-Along at Disney's Hollywood Studios

Frozen Sing-Along at Disney’s Hollywood Studios

Once FastPass+ for the Star Wars rides do become available–I am forecasting 2020 for that–they will become the highest priority.


Once you’ve used your pre-booked FastPass+, you can book any available FastPass+ one at a time. Availability varies wildly, and FastPass+ for the most popular rides will often be gone by the time you have used your pre-booked ones.

Your chances are better the earlier in the day your first three are used, and the smaller your party. They are also better at the Magic Kingdom than anywhere else, but wherever you are, keep refreshing–people do cancel!

Because of availability issues, good itinerary design does not assume you will get a particular day-of-visit FastPass+. Rather, just view it as a good thing if it happens!


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1 David { 02.22.16 at 7:06 pm }

Good evening Dave,
I love your site and we will be closely following your recommendations for our first trip. We are looking to stay either November 26th – December 4th OR December 3rd-December 11th at the Contemporary. Does it matter whether we stay in the tower on a higher floor with a park view, a garden view room on the lower floors, or just a standard room with no view. I am getting quoted much higher rates than I expected through a Disney agent. Also, I heard that kids exchange pins with the characters at the park, but that no one knows about before they go.
Any thoughts or recommendations you can provide would be greatly appreciated.
Thank you!

2 Dave { 02.23.16 at 8:32 am }

David, the garden rooms are NOT in the Tower. See this. That does not make them a bad choice, so long as you know what you are choosing.

3 David { 02.23.16 at 10:04 pm }

Thank you Dave,
Last question…High floor tower room with park view(and good chance of seeing fireworks) OR standard room at Polynesian(roll of the dice and no choice on view)?
Thanks again and have a great night.

4 Dave { 02.24.16 at 8:31 am }

David, I’d make that call simply on which resort you like better vs the price difference.

5 Sheri dawkins { 02.24.16 at 3:28 pm }

Unless you are going in the summer an plan to visit all the water parks an are staying off property, six days is not required, in my opinion, to just see the four major parks. If you use the fast pass option an early magic hours, four days is more than enough time to visit all four if you plan correctly especially with all the closings in Disney taking place at this time or unless you want to ride an see shows multiple times. I have been to Disney in excess of 20 times in all seasons an with good planning four days is more than enough time for just the parks.

6 Katherine Chadrick { 04.29.16 at 10:02 am }

Hi Dave! I am interested in adding on extra days to our tickets to get more fast passes but wondering how that works? Ours is a free dining package in November and so their held on line in my Disney experience. To schedule your fast passes you pick which park on which days and it doesn’t look like I could use multiple passes on the same days fast pass schedules. I hope my question makes sense lol. Thanks for your help!

7 Dave { 04.29.16 at 10:34 am }

Katherine, no, I don’t understand your question. You get to pre-book up to three FastPass+ per ticket day, in only one park per day.

8 Katherine Chadrick { 04.29.16 at 6:57 pm }

Sorry I made that clear as mud. If I add on more days to my Disney reservation how do I go about reserving more fast passes in my Disney experience?

9 Dave { 04.30.16 at 10:53 am }

You have to add ticket days, Katherine.

10 Tina { 05.23.16 at 11:04 pm }

Dave, in you opinion, will AK evening hours still be happending in November?

11 Dave { 05.25.16 at 9:28 am }

Tina, unless the new show is a total flop, yes. What is not clear is how many nights a week it will be on.

12 Tina { 05.25.16 at 12:54 pm }

Thanks Dave. If they were to stay, when would you expect these times to be updated for October/ November?

13 Dave { 05.27.16 at 1:17 pm }

Tina, Disney has recently been lousy about advance notice on the evening shows, so it is hard to say when the updates will come out.

14 Eric { 03.20.17 at 5:15 pm }

Hi Dave
I forget if this was discussed in your book but I don’t have it with me and don’t want to forget to ask! Going with my parents, they will need a scooter. If we plan to get to parks before rope drop, are they able to rent them inside the park before the proverbial drop? I ask for all 4 parks. Hoping to get to parks 30 min before drop, giving them time to get the rentals and zip right to the Safaris!

15 Dave { 03.21.17 at 9:30 am }

Eric, the short answer is I would not count on it, and would suggest a length-of stay rental (unless you are planning on driving and can’t carry the scooter.)

The scooters are rented first-come first served until they run out, in all cases in locations after you get through the ticket area. The timing of when you get in past the ticket area varies by park–MK now opens more than an hour before the park itself opens (on 9a open days) while it may be just 15 minutes at HS. And everyone who is renting a scooter or wheelchair then goes to the same place, so lines can be long.

16 Deb { 09.22.17 at 6:22 pm }

I will be selecting my Fast Passes next week. Scenario: There are 4 of us in our family. We’re going to MK. Let’s say all of 4 of us want to ride Peter Pan and Seven Dwarfs. For our 3rd FP, 2 of us want to ride Space Mountain, but the other 2 want to do Enchanted Tales with Belle. Will the system count this as 3 FP for each of us, or 4 overall since I’m trying to reserve a total of 4 rides/experiences? In other words, if I reserve Space Mountain as the 3rd FP (for only 2 of us), will it block me from reserving 2 FP for Belle since I’ll be trying that last? Thanks, Dave!

17 Dave { 09.24.17 at 8:12 am }

Hi Deb, each person can only get three, but there are no constraints on having different FP+ among those three among your party. They can all be the same; each member of the group can have three different ones; or it can be a mix of same and different. The way it works technically is you book one FP+ at a time, and before choosing it pick which members of your party are included in that one. So you will be fine!!

18 Klattu { 01.24.18 at 12:03 pm }

“60 days advance reservations using FastPass if your staying at a Disney resort”….is Ft. Wilderness campground considered a Disney resort ?

19 Dave { 01.25.18 at 8:06 am }

Yup, it’s one of the original three–Polynesian, Contemporary, and Fort Wilderness

20 Rose { 02.14.18 at 9:01 pm }

Let’s say I use my first 3 fast passes at AK….can my fourth be at Epcot….based on availability of course. Thanks. Lots of great info here and in your book.

21 Dave { 02.15.18 at 11:38 am }

Rose, so glad the site and book are helping! Yes, it can, if you have a Park Hopper ticket add-on.

22 Jan { 11.12.18 at 12:32 am }

Hi Dave
We are looking for recommendations for our first time trip to Disney on Nov 25 thru Nov 27 with our 5 children ages 16,15,13,11,10 we will not be staying at resort any good recommendation or deals

23 Dave { 11.13.18 at 7:01 am }

Hi Jan, the only deals you might find are on tickets, and with such a short stay you are unlikely to save much. You need to get your tix ASAP so you can book your FastPass+. If you want to look for ticket deals, try my friends at The Official Ticket Center.

Seeing everything at Disney World takes 8 days or so, so you have a lot of choices to make, and will need to skip a park. The material on this page should help you set basic priorities (which parks), and also take a look at this. With your ages, you want to focus on the stuff in the right column.

MK will be good–although closing early–on 11/25 and 11/27. Avoid HS 11/25, AK and MK 11/26, and Epcot 11/27.

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